Tag Archives: conservation

Vishv Dharohar Utsav 2022: Celebrating GHNP

FGHNP Co-Founder and Friend Sanjeeva Pandey discusses the Vishv Dharohar Utsav held in June 2022 to celebrate the Eighth Anniversary of the Great Himalayan National Park’s WHS Inscription. He also considers current issues plaguing the region and considers possible ways to resolve them.

To commemorate GHNP’s WHS inscription, Vishv Dharohar Utsav was celebrated on 25-26 June, 2022 at the Sai Ropa complex, GHNP. The two-day celebration brought together wildlife academics, practitioners, WL staff and communities. There were panel discussions, expert lectures, an exhibition, wildlife treks, community experience sharing sessions, and cultural programs befitting the WHS Inscription.

R to L: Nishant (Dy Director, GHNP), Anish Sharma (DFO Publicity), Sanjeeva Pandey (ex Director, GHNP) and Mira Sharma (present Director, GHNP) at Vishv Dharohar Utsav on 25 June 2022

Presentations at the Utsav were of good quality and well prepared. Panel discussions were quite lively and full of substance. Dr. Goraya’s trek experiences and his continuing passion for botany were very encouraging for the Forest staff. Mr. Vinay Tandon’s wit and incisive interventions were apparent in his presentation on Institutions for Conservation. This made the Utsav more lively.

Mira Sharma (Director, GHNP) and Rajiv (Pr CCF cum CWLW) at a kiosk of local produce from GHNP ecozone. The Vishv Dharohar Utsav included an exhibition of the things made by the local women and Saving Groups in the GHNP ecozone.
Local dham at the Vishv Dharohar Utsav 2022
Lighting of the lamp at the Vishv Dharohar Utsav, Sai Ropa on 25 June 2022
Front Row R to L: Mira Sharma (CCF and Director, GHNP), Sanjeeva Pandey (ex Director, GHNP), Dr G. S. Goraya (Retd HoFF, HP), Vinay Tandon (Retd HoFF, HP), Rajiv (PrCCF and Chief WL Warden, HP), Ajay Srivastav (HoFF, HP)
Back Row R to L: Nishant (Dy Director) and Anil Thakur (APCCF, WL)

Meeting old, retired colleagues Roshan (Dy Ranger), Bhupender (Ranger), Narottam (Dy Ranger) brought with it happiness and great vibes. Karam Chand (Dy Ranger at Shamshi) and Prithvi Singh  (driver) were full of warmth and freshness.

At the Utsav, G. S. Goraya and I found the opportunity to appreciate the contributions from Payson Stevens since 2000. Payson has been an advisor to the Park and Ecozone NGO and trekked more than 1500 km in the Park. Starting with making the Park’s website together with the Park Director, he explored the delicate balance between the dependencies of the local people on the natural resources and the need to conserve the valuable resource base and the Park’s immense biodiversity. He is a major supporter of the Park, helped in drafting the World Heritage Site application for GHNP, and co-founded FGHNP. 

R to L: Stephan Marchal (Managing Director, Himalayan Ecotourism), Lady Forest Guard, Anil Bharadwaj (Retd Forest Officer from Kerala Forest Deptt), Vinay Tandon (Retd HoFF, HP), Upasana Patiyal (CCF, WL at Dharamshala), Sushil Kapta (CCF, HP)

The Utsav provided a great opportunity to reflect on various developments taking place in the Ecozone of the Park:

  • There is no doubt that the area is changing very rapidly. A number of homestays and hotels have sprung up. Pressure on the Park Ecozone from development can only increase. At the same time, many outsiders are getting drawn to the Ecozone by economic opportunities, especially in the hospitality sector. With more local young people going away to college and getting qualifications that equip them to work in hotels and restaurants it could be that the whole idea of compensatory income generation is going to be overtaken by local economic development.
  • Although there are still some remote villages like Shakti, Marore and Lapah leading very traditional existences, there is this impression that even Shangarh could now be considered part of mainstream Indian life—no longer “the end of the habitable world.” Both Tirthan and Sainj Valleys have a well-developed road network. Most of the locals look prosperous and westernised: school teachers, engineers, doctors, carrying cameras and cellphones.
  • All the income-generating activities that are highlighted at the FGHNP website are useful initiatives that help the local economy. However, despite the increasing prosperity in the area, some aspects of resource extraction from the Park, especially gucchi and medicinal plants, remain too lucrative to be dropped from the local economy. In any case, it cannot be believed that anyone gave up gucchi collecting because they could make more money vermicomposting. The answer to protecting the Park from plant collectors is enforcement.
  • Overall, the biggest threat to biodiversity in the Park is and always has been domestic grazing. Around Shakti and Maror, it is clear that such grazing continues within the Park. Jiwanal has cases of unauthorized sheep grazing. There are reports of horses being taken to Dhel for grazing in summer. On the other hand, the kind of sheep and cattle being pastured are not likely to yield a huge profit—this is one aspect of the local economy that could probably be reduced without undue hardship for anyone. Milk production could be maintained via stall-feeding, which must happen in winter in any case. Thinking about ecological restoration, what would be most useful would be a study of current grazing regimes within the Park and of ways to divert the animals elsewhere.
  • As time passes, GHNP is likely to become more and more an island of natural ecosystems within a matrix of different human land use: the hydro developments have definitely been responsible for opening up the valleys (many new roads have been constructed) much more quickly than might have happened otherwise. That means that GHNP will continue to be a very important element in the protection of the west Himalayan biodiversity. To what extent ecodevelopment, as detailed on the FGHNP website, will continue to be important, one cannot be sure.
Inaugural prayer by local students at the Vishv Dharohar Utsav, Sai Ropa on 25 June 2022. The Great Himalayan National Park was inscribed as a World Heritage Site (Vishv Dharohar) on 25 June 2014 at the meeting of World Heritage Committee at Doha, State of Qatar.

FGHNP will continue to work for the Park’s biodiversity conservation by drawing support from donors who appreciate their experience in GHNP. Our website
www.greathimalayannationalpark.com will act as an active platform to discuss conservation ideas and maintain a repository of knowledge.

My Retirement Celebration Trek

FGHNP’s founders and prominent members, Sanjeeva Pandey and Payson Stevens, celebrated Sanjeeva Pandey’s retirement from Forest Service with a celebration trek at the Great Himalayan National Park in 2018.

Sanjeeva Pandey writes about this memorable and exhilarating trek:

“Itali-TitliTiyaridali; Yannebhibhali, syanebhibhali” is a local saying in the undeveloped and intensely wild area that I trekked with my friend Payson Stevens from 20-28 September 2018. The conversational meaning of this saying is that there are flowers of Tiyari (a local plant) in an area called Itali-Titli, which are very pleasing to make a very tough trek easy for the young as well as the old.

Payson had been the guiding spirit behind this trek to celebrate my retirement from the Forest Service. We have worked together for the biodiversity conservation of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)—the site of our present trek—since 2000 when Payson came to my office (Director of the Park) to contribute to nature conservation in his wife Kamla’s country (she is from Chandigarh, living in the USA for many years with many excellent publications to her credit). The trek was also to celebrate our 18 years of friendship, which has resulted in the successful inscription of the GHNP as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014. Payson turned 73 in April 2018 and me 60 in the same month of 2018. Both of us have been preparing for this trek for more than two months. I was climbing from my residence in Khalini (a low-lying area in Shimla) to the Ridge (about 1500 feet climb). Payson was building his stamina by doing similar climbs around Ghiyaghi village near Banjar (Kullu district) where he has constructed a lovely house “BehtaPani” in 2003 (though Payson and Kamla live in California, USA, they spend May to October each year in this Indian home).

Payson negotiating a difficult patch of trek to Supakhani jogni

Our first two days of trek went very well with lots of sunshine and the cool breeze of high altitude forests of fir-spruce and oaks. Before embarking on this trek, we had studied satellite maps for the weather conditions. Accordingly, a thunderstorm was expected on 23 September which came a day early on 22 September when we were to negotiate the wildest and most strenuous part of the trek. In the words of Payson, we were on a sheep trail “with incredible major storms blasting and sublime beauty in between.”

Sanjeeva en route to Supakhani jogni

The whole experience gives me goosebumps as I think about the long march on 22 September (more than eight hours through the incessant rains and chilling storm) among the jumbled and disarrayed mountains between Marani and Dhel. Though I have crossed from Tirthan to Sainj several times, we were taking this route (through the Marani meadow) for the first time. This very demanding/testing but rewarding trek brought with it the excitement of being out in the cold of rains and storm. Most of the trek is above the tree line. The yellowing of ferns and plants of various colours appearing from crevices and rock faces (Berginia, Androsace or rock jasmine, Paraquilegia) present a very fine natural mosaic. The stunted and gnarled rhododendrons of high altitude, junipers and roses intermix with a numerous variety of herbs and shrubs. In times of the fury of nature, this vegetation and scenery en route (nicely depicted by the Itali-Titli local saying) was a great companion to keep our spirits high.

Trekking for all age groups: Sainj Valley near Shagwar village
Rains in Sainj Valley

Our arrival at Supakhani (a local deity, Kaali avatar) on the edge of the Dhel meadow (3737 m alt) was some solace. At least, the path from here to Dhel Patrolling Hut (about four km) did not require us to jump from rock to rock (as we had been doing through the day), but was a decent Gaddi (shepherd) trail. The rains were not letting up. The firewood being wet did bring some comfort but with lots of choking smoke in the Patrolling Hut. Nine porters, Payson and I were accommodated in two tents (quite comfortable even during the rains) and the Hut. We were here for three days and four nights. After about 36 hours of continuous rain (evenings of 22 to 23 September), the sun god put up a gracious appearance on 24 September noon. Quickly, our porters arranged for a very luxurious shaving and bath. As we progressed from Dhel Hut to DhelJogani (a local deity), the inevitable rainbow appeared in a nearby V-shaped valley with a magical charm and beauty; indeed, nature has her own ways of testing and rewarding. We rejoiced to be there.

Payson and Sanjeeva at Dhel meadow

September 25 was a sunny day, so verdant and refreshing all around, awash with various shades of greens, browns and reds. The fresh snowfall on the surrounding mountain peaks provided a silvery white backdrop. The evening was graced by nature’s presentation of a dazzling moon (full moon or Purnima) at about 8 PM, a sight without an equal that will stay with me forever. The next morning was without a speck in the sky. The panorama of layers of mountains visible from the ridge, about 50 meters up Dhel Patrolling Hut, was breathtaking. Though I have seen it many times, the freshness after rains and all that we had gone through was special, exceptional and overwhelming. Jai Ho GHNP!

Fresh snow fall on the peaks across Dhel meadow
Panoramic view of Himalayas from Dhel ridge
Payson and Sanjeeva on the Dhel ridge at 3737 m altitude

On 26 September, we shifted our camp to BharadNala, a beautiful site, quite popular among the shepherds (bharad is the local name for sheep). A stream flows through the site with gurgling and happy sounds and made us feel cheerful. The six km walk from Dhel to Bharad was relaxing and alleviating. The next day we trekked to Shakti village to be with the new Park management. We shared our experiences with the Director of GHNP Mr Ajit Thakur and DFO Abhilasha. Mr Thakur promptly informed the local newspapers about our well-being (we learnt that the rains and the storm had caused havoc in Kullu and Manali). September 28 was a trek up to the road-head of Niharni. The afternoon trek was again through the rains, a reminder of the earlier days of this nine-day adventure.

Payson and Sanjeeva with the trekking party near Bherar meadow below Dhel: Deputy Ranger, Narottam joined the trek towards Shakti side

Thanks a lot to my friend, philosopher and guide Payson for his cheery, jovial and good-natured comments. His suggestion for my retirement celebrations proved to be exciting, thrilling and exhilarating. I will always cherish the date of my retirement which was 30 April 2018, the Buddha Purnima, a date which denotes Buddha’s birth, enlightenment, first sermon, and death (mahaparinirvana). Feeling blessed to retire from my job and proceed into the next phase of life on a date so significant in the life of my Guruji, the Buddha. Mangal Ho.