The Kullu Valley, known as “Valley of Gods,” has always attracted people with its beauty and resources. Its isolation also provided a safe refuge from the turmoil and wars on the Indian plains below. Historical records indicate that people started migrating into the valley about 1,000 years ago.
For the last 800 years the migration of people did not place an undue burden on the natural resources. People lived in relative harmony with their environment and sustained their livelihoods. But with the age of 19th Century British colonization followed by India’s independence (1947), increasing human impacts ushered in accelerating resource exploitation and population pressures. The “Valley of the Gods” modern transformation had begun.